Knee and Shoulder Reconstruction
Joint reconstruction involves the diagnosis, treatment and especially the prevention of injuries and disease of the musculoskeletal system. The tissue types most commonly managed include bones, joints, ligaments, tendons, muscles and nerves.
Through joint replacement surgery, also called arthroplasty, the damaged portion of the joint is removed and replaced with artificial implants, called prostheses. The body areas that are commonly managed within this sub-specialty of Joint Reconstruction are:
- Shoulder and Elbow
- Wrist and Hand
- Hip and Knee
The hip and knee are both weight bearing joints and are the most common joints for reconstruction. If it is possible to preserve or reconstruct the joint, this option is usually chosen. However, when nonsurgical treatment and arthroscopy are not adequate to provide relief to a joint injury or disorder, hip and knee joint replacement surgery options may be considered. As a ball and socket joint, the hip is prone to injury and exhaustion. Total hip replacement has shown to help many patients ease the pain in moving or get back to pain-free movement in day to day activities.